portrait king charles i gouache painting

Portrait King Charles I Gouache Painting



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Fine Pastel & Gouache Portrait on paper of King Charles Ist. after Van Dyck, which was first painted in circa 1635-36 and dates to the early 19th Century.
King Charles I (19 Nov.1600 30 Jan.1649) was King of England, King of Scotland, and King of Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649.
Charles was born into the House of Stuart as the second son of King James VI of Scotland, but after his father inherited the English throne in 1603 (as James I), he moved to England, where he spent much of the rest of his life.
He became heir apparent to the three kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland in 1612 on the death of his elder brother Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales.
An unsuccessful and unpopular attempt to marry him to the Spanish Habsburg princess Maria Anna culminated in an eight-month visit to Spain in 1623 that demonstrated the futility of the marriage negotiations.
Two years later he married the Bourbon princess Henrietta Maria of France.
After his succession in 1625, Charles quarrelled with the Parliament of England, which sought to curb his royal prerogative. Charles believed in the divine right of kings, and was determined to govern according to his own conscience.
Many of his subjects opposed his policies, in particular the levying of taxes without parliamentary consent, and perceived his actions as those of a tyrannical absolute monarch.
His religious policies, coupled with his marriage to a Roman Catholic, generated the antipathy and mistrust of Reformed groups such as the English Puritans and Scottish Covenanters, who thought his views were too Catholic.
He supported high church Anglican ecclesiastics, such as Richard Montagu and William Laud, and failed to aid Protestant forces successfully during the Thirty Years' War. His attempts to force the Church of Scotland to adopt high Anglican practices led to the Bishops' Wars, strengthened the position of the English and Scottish parliaments, and helped precipitate his own downfall.
From 1642, Charles fought the armies of the English and Scottish parliaments in the English Civil War.
After his defeat in 1645, he surrendered to a Scottish force that eventually handed him over to the English Parliament. Charles refused to accept his captors' demands for a constitutional monarchy, and temporarily escaped captivity in November 1647.
Re-imprisoned on the Isle of Wight, Charles forged an alliance with Scotland, but by the end of 1648 Oliver Cromwell's New Model Army had consolidated its control over England. Charles was tried, convicted, and executed for high treason in January 1649.
The monarchy was abolished and the Commonwealth of England was established as a republic. The monarchy would be restored to Charles's son, Charles II, in 1660.
The painting has been in its present frame, complete with wooden back and glass, since it passed through the hands of John Linn & Sons, frame manufacturers, carver, gilders.
John Linn & Sons were fine art dealers, who had two premises in Scarborough, according to the label on the back. John Linn himself is listed in the census of 1881 as employing 3 men and two boys as a frame maker and by 1911, two of lis sons were listed as Fine Art Dealers.
It is believed that the pastel itself, possibly predates the frame due to its apparent age, although John Linn may not have framed it, but simply sold it and the frame may be original. (Interestingly, the artist Paul Marny, who settled in Scarborough, after 1878, sold virtually all his work through John Linn)
Frame size: 13 1/2" x 11 1/2" - 34.25cm x 29.25cm
Image size: 9 1/2" x 7 1/2" - 24.1cm x 19cm
The portrait is in very good order for the age with just a few fine ripples in paper.
The ornate frame is clean and solid.
UK Next Day Recorded 35 / Worldwide : Europe 50 / USA & Asia 85
TELEPHONE : 07547 617528
Quote Ref: CLC/056
Payments Accepted By Bank Transfer & Debit / Credit Cards
PAY-PAL Or CHEQUES Drawn From Uk Accounts
Internal Ref: CLC/056


Height = 34.2 cm (14")
Width = 29.2 cm (12")
Depth = 3.5 cm (2")

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